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To see how much drops and bubbles deform from its spherical form while rising in a fluid, the ratio of dynamic pressure $P_{dyn}$ to that of the surface tension stresses \frac{\sigma}{2d} is used. The surface tension forces will drive a drop or bubble to a spherical shape while the dynamic forces, due to the non-symmetri of them will drive it to a non spherical shpae. This dimesnionless ratio is called the weber number $W_e$


where $\sigma$ represents the surface tension and is expressed in $\frac{N}{m}$. for values of $W_e<<1$ the particles are approximately of a spherical form, for values of $W_e=1$ there is a moderate deviation, while for $W_e>>1$ there are large deviations. However sicne the velocity is to be known a priori to know how much a drop or bubble will deform, the dimensionless BONd number is used. It represents the ratio of the effective gravitational forces to tension forces & is expressed as follows


To relate the bond, Weber and reynolds number in a satisfying way, the Mortion number is introduced. This number has no phsical interpretation but is convenient and can be calculated easily. It is defined as 


Which yields


And make it possible to study the deformation by keeping $M_O$ constant and varying $B_O$ or viceversa. Also solving it further :


Though the dimesnionless parameters $B_O$ and $M_O$ seem convenient, they are only to be used for the case of terminal velocity $u_{max}$