Starting point

Numerical simulations                          


 

The studied geometry is an airplane part which lies between the wing and the turboreactor. This part is called fuel container.

Figure: Position of the studied geometry in red

source: http://photos.linternaute.com/photo/1457769/1553166946/2092/elements-d-avion-de-ligne-boeing-757/

It is crossed by the fuel pipes which supply the engine of the reactor. Sometimes, it occurs a leak of fuel in this part of the airplane. The fuel is then gathered in the container and evacuated by its bottom. The fuel may be evaporated there and the concentration of fuel may increases. An air flow is also kept in this structure to make sure that the concentration of fuel does not increase too much.

Even though the  security of the passenger in the airplane is guarantee, Airbus wants to understand the mechanism which drives the evaporation and want to know if CFD is adapted to a such problem.

   

       Geometry

Airbus, the industrial partner, has given the following geometry

Figure: Initial geometry given by the industrial partner

 

It's composed by two circular holes at the left hand side situated at the two extremities of the fuel container. Each hole measures 20 mm. To capture the flow inside the geometry, the flow at the inlet and at the outlet has to be correctly solved and involve a large number of cells in this regions.

 

To avoid meshing problems the inlet and the outlet of the flow have been redefined. Plus the baffles have been enlarged for the same reason avoid meshing problems.
Here below is shown the geometry used for the numerical simulation:

 

Figure: Simplified geometry